Contract 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e

Txn Hash Method
Block
From
To
Value [Txn Fee]
0xced6564ebf6a6fd8d7796828c3a80ae9a4b3cbfd178e41375d53295bd42ea7f3Borrow Native147776152022-05-16 16:18:369 mins ago0x37ce4be6ccde73a47a9117364571e2a71acf956c IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.013805122 26.5
0xa979cc0a5370729a41196c4bec8a7296e26452100320bd6411781fdaaec36889Mint Native147775912022-05-16 16:17:499 mins ago0xa70e6fe4488104be32b9b657f5be7b68afc17f9a IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e98 AVAX0.00628353 30
0xae0920a3a19d2dbccb359c114a6a88c5b99b7c56b5ec38f42bae48f9019ebbd3Borrow Native147774422022-05-16 16:12:4514 mins ago0x37ce4be6ccde73a47a9117364571e2a71acf956c IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.013805122 26.5
0x1c735272831943c81759f98c909aa0d4945420764a821a2646ef294d276faffcMint Native147773632022-05-16 16:10:0817 mins ago0x2602039da63b03ab8b017338467440d08935204d IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e18 AVAX0.00623078527.5
0x8d0320b597d6c11641391963c8d8e0012d7b2124d53b92de88f676323613e454Borrow Native147770722022-05-16 16:00:2427 mins ago0x21fd5b5f0c92f8add3cc5483f325dd659943477e IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.009661264766 28.209060657
0xdf105050572e77391cb1ed290218fa4cff4d93b963a3ea22c17b183bf86a895eMint Native147770102022-05-16 15:58:2129 mins ago0x21fd5b5f0c92f8add3cc5483f325dd659943477e IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e18 AVAX0.00517333 26.5
0xfad15bce602c8dc5ac769ee5168b1839d730a6e78cdb958b09a13949127f3f42Mint Native147767892022-05-16 15:51:0236 mins ago0x674bbb2d6c25c061394d42c6f6ea2d6b3a70ac70 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0.25 AVAX0.005214739053 26.712114813
0x470231ff6824c38f29135dbd17773dcfd2a16a7de6246799ebecac8c638f36c4Mint Native147765862022-05-16 15:44:1843 mins ago0xc73e86f94921a662707067b4cd0d5c94d0b69480 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e7 AVAX0.00517333 26.5
0x4e2b1cb755e0461bd10f70bc15b80c9a7e03d593c73c4623b19f30919ac38e34Mint Native147765742022-05-16 15:43:5443 mins ago0x9588d1df5ce734be4ed98cfcd19f99611b705e7f IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e4 AVAX0.00517333 26.5
0xd2c631147a4bced1d74a3c8ea386b715dc3f4b09d5ecbdbc66267e27b52205b1Redeem Native147764782022-05-16 15:40:4246 mins ago0xc878369ffd34e76026c06f5a569d8385e02f41ca IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.013229542 26.5
0x85ad16ac0f2458d45d28b85e0f597b3e01a95a2a4c0772317ab7abe9d9e6dcedRedeem Native147760322022-05-16 15:25:491 hr 1 min ago0xfe5ac869bf07bf239466b40dfe1eca59ca96a507 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.005814524 26.5
0x776c683e6035319896c533300721b278d2ac438ec12dad9e2eb6b28fd6a8b1b2Mint Native147759292022-05-16 15:22:241 hr 5 mins ago0x79c317c4df17cf6fe5c31bf5f11cf2ee0254cfcd IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e25.12 AVAX0.00517333 26.5
0xb70d0054596dc0e74f973ef2380c01e7c97bd18506518b37765b47301a622728Redeem Native147758942022-05-16 15:21:111 hr 6 mins ago0x0ae642d5009cb876d95f71d81803e7ab9fe35798 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.005361056 26.5
0x2979469130f35c9f03d2d3b5e900ba05d16e05dfc2cae5fa727055251bae68dfMint Native147758862022-05-16 15:20:571 hr 6 mins ago0xd2b53e69164256464488fa2b4d1b5766a41b8e9b IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0.2 AVAX0.00517333 26.5
0xe2bb3adc1236fdbd551d5ac44f312920f61924657dee6b68c2dbf65c0f206804Redeem Native147757522022-05-16 15:16:281 hr 11 mins ago0x0eec368766b1bc7d613ec41418426e791a9c4fc5 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.005361374 26.5
0xaaace661afd602df374f758a04e5a818c3d4b1dd924f7cc9855c409b36e343b8Redeem Native147757012022-05-16 15:14:471 hr 12 mins ago0x9a46a24d13c4450c20a26e85eb387e6dac83f4b8 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.005361056 26.5
0xb981b97e2ebb3cabb2b78d60f6bb0c9b201d35b649f37915a204f0778b376356Borrow Native147755572022-05-16 15:09:531 hr 17 mins ago0xb054999a0e1910c53c44ee38dcc03284da0225cb IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.009617062 26.5
0xe055c28305bd8898394c43733e2791e654890ad50a5683cc49e496b57a83d442Redeem Underlyin...147754982022-05-16 15:07:551 hr 19 mins ago0xf0dcb1af9dfdd36ea6f3dfb71a85f2c2db5c9656 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.006936375 26.5
0x6b18fca08029ba3c2924db9f2ff1b25b59aa29c3317b1db6d06f1c268bbc2be6Redeem Native147754072022-05-16 15:04:521 hr 22 mins ago0x1ef6a85bbd8b5698903a5b18118564e5aae88464 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.00737919 26.5
0xaa41d9326ebbf531cf993699a60ad437f19c22d9c6091349b4fd130ef0b016a3Mint Native147753862022-05-16 15:04:111 hr 23 mins ago0xb9ca67b4eab3ba7e58d4ed3403d5bbf6e04bc957 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e112.4 AVAX0.0055504515 26.5
0xd67bbc067c9f1297a125df947c05520c281a69e79a221d1a0cf2f451d4d786c8Redeem Native147753502022-05-16 15:02:581 hr 24 mins ago0xb9ca67b4eab3ba7e58d4ed3403d5bbf6e04bc957 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.01601024 26.5
0x305522c02c535a3920efe4bac2f07f30cf4b90b7b6eaefa11133e84dbeab5fb8Redeem Underlyin...147753122022-05-16 15:01:431 hr 25 mins ago0xb9ca67b4eab3ba7e58d4ed3403d5bbf6e04bc957 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.016020999 26.5
0x8a84b2a1c9d1d8a5d78a742083a0e01573a202ca376b17cce5ea4c6ad80cc1dfBorrow Native147749922022-05-16 14:51:001 hr 36 mins ago0xb054999a0e1910c53c44ee38dcc03284da0225cb IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.009617062 26.5
0x77289d928ecad58699802fd0342e915895512ff7aeb063efff10aaf40a52677bRedeem Underlyin...147749662022-05-16 14:50:091 hr 37 mins ago0xb9ca67b4eab3ba7e58d4ed3403d5bbf6e04bc957 IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.016020999 26.5
0x6c7e77b40859d07e69b4f6c028bc5fde8f9cda9aa1641ded9546e10edd2f5032Redeem Native147748662022-05-16 14:46:481 hr 40 mins ago0xfc00400de4f4c910d57d0d80f820f718f23f39ea IN  0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0 AVAX0.015570181 26.5
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Latest 25 internal transaction
Parent Txn Hash Block From To Value
0xced6564ebf6a6fd8d7796828c3a80ae9a4b3cbfd178e41375d53295bd42ea7f3147776152022-05-16 16:18:369 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0x37ce4be6ccde73a47a9117364571e2a71acf956c69 AVAX
0xced6564ebf6a6fd8d7796828c3a80ae9a4b3cbfd178e41375d53295bd42ea7f3147776152022-05-16 16:18:369 mins ago Wrapped AVAX 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e69 AVAX
0xa979cc0a5370729a41196c4bec8a7296e26452100320bd6411781fdaaec36889147775912022-05-16 16:17:499 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX98 AVAX
0xae0920a3a19d2dbccb359c114a6a88c5b99b7c56b5ec38f42bae48f9019ebbd3147774422022-05-16 16:12:4514 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0x37ce4be6ccde73a47a9117364571e2a71acf956c125 AVAX
0xae0920a3a19d2dbccb359c114a6a88c5b99b7c56b5ec38f42bae48f9019ebbd3147774422022-05-16 16:12:4514 mins ago Wrapped AVAX 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e125 AVAX
0x1c735272831943c81759f98c909aa0d4945420764a821a2646ef294d276faffc147773632022-05-16 16:10:0817 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX18 AVAX
0x8d0320b597d6c11641391963c8d8e0012d7b2124d53b92de88f676323613e454147770722022-05-16 16:00:2427 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0x21fd5b5f0c92f8add3cc5483f325dd659943477e19.728442782095904989 AVAX
0x8d0320b597d6c11641391963c8d8e0012d7b2124d53b92de88f676323613e454147770722022-05-16 16:00:2427 mins ago Wrapped AVAX 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e19.728442782095904989 AVAX
0xdf105050572e77391cb1ed290218fa4cff4d93b963a3ea22c17b183bf86a895e147770102022-05-16 15:58:2129 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX18 AVAX
0xfa3fa61e141fb5726d69cc73839d140bbb7ddafc8d19ccb19d7fef84d2688670147769532022-05-16 15:56:2731 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX42.272225416099852644 AVAX
0xfa3fa61e141fb5726d69cc73839d140bbb7ddafc8d19ccb19d7fef84d2688670147769532022-05-16 15:56:2731 mins ago 0xe5cddafd0f7af3deaf4bd213bbaee7a5927ab7e7 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e42.272225416099852644 AVAX
0xfad15bce602c8dc5ac769ee5168b1839d730a6e78cdb958b09a13949127f3f42147767892022-05-16 15:51:0236 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX0.25 AVAX
0x470231ff6824c38f29135dbd17773dcfd2a16a7de6246799ebecac8c638f36c4147765862022-05-16 15:44:1843 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX7 AVAX
0x4e2b1cb755e0461bd10f70bc15b80c9a7e03d593c73c4623b19f30919ac38e34147765742022-05-16 15:43:5443 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX4 AVAX
0xd2c631147a4bced1d74a3c8ea386b715dc3f4b09d5ecbdbc66267e27b52205b1147764782022-05-16 15:40:4246 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0xc878369ffd34e76026c06f5a569d8385e02f41ca1,400.052068193810126904 AVAX
0xd2c631147a4bced1d74a3c8ea386b715dc3f4b09d5ecbdbc66267e27b52205b1147764782022-05-16 15:40:4246 mins ago Wrapped AVAX 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e1,400.052068193810126904 AVAX
0x94bfb158844f025559e1b1367dc36e31753e3cd7d04d4ca397b0de40b417d564147763772022-05-16 15:37:2050 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX900.066516895392956041 AVAX
0x94bfb158844f025559e1b1367dc36e31753e3cd7d04d4ca397b0de40b417d564147763772022-05-16 15:37:2050 mins ago 0xe5cddafd0f7af3deaf4bd213bbaee7a5927ab7e7 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e900.066516895392956041 AVAX
0x85ad16ac0f2458d45d28b85e0f597b3e01a95a2a4c0772317ab7abe9d9e6dced147760322022-05-16 15:25:491 hr 1 min ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0xfe5ac869bf07bf239466b40dfe1eca59ca96a5073.524033040818678872 AVAX
0x85ad16ac0f2458d45d28b85e0f597b3e01a95a2a4c0772317ab7abe9d9e6dced147760322022-05-16 15:25:491 hr 1 min ago Wrapped AVAX 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e3.524033040818678872 AVAX
0x776c683e6035319896c533300721b278d2ac438ec12dad9e2eb6b28fd6a8b1b2147759292022-05-16 15:22:241 hr 5 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX25.12 AVAX
0xb70d0054596dc0e74f973ef2380c01e7c97bd18506518b37765b47301a622728147758942022-05-16 15:21:111 hr 6 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0x0ae642d5009cb876d95f71d81803e7ab9fe357980.680792205404098033 AVAX
0xb70d0054596dc0e74f973ef2380c01e7c97bd18506518b37765b47301a622728147758942022-05-16 15:21:111 hr 6 mins ago Wrapped AVAX 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0.680792205404098033 AVAX
0x2979469130f35c9f03d2d3b5e900ba05d16e05dfc2cae5fa727055251bae68df147758862022-05-16 15:20:571 hr 6 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e Wrapped AVAX0.2 AVAX
0xe2bb3adc1236fdbd551d5ac44f312920f61924657dee6b68c2dbf65c0f206804147757522022-05-16 15:16:281 hr 11 mins ago 0xc22f01ddc8010ee05574028528614634684ec29e0x0eec368766b1bc7d613ec41418426e791a9c4fc5127.293039627841446831 AVAX
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Contract Source Code Verified (Exact Match)

Contract Name:
JWrappedNativeDelegator

Compiler Version
v0.5.16+commit.9c3226ce

Optimization Enabled:
Yes with 200 runs

Other Settings:
default evmVersion, Unlicense license

Contract Source Code (Solidity)

/**
 *Submitted for verification at snowtrace.io on 2021-11-05
*/

// SPDX-License-Identifier: UNLICENSED

pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

/**
 * @title Compound's InterestRateModel Interface
 * @author Compound
 */
contract InterestRateModel {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is an InterestRateModel contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isInterestRateModel = true;

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the current borrow interest rate per sec
     * @param cash The total amount of cash the market has
     * @param borrows The total amount of borrows the market has outstanding
     * @param reserves The total amnount of reserves the market has
     * @return The borrow rate per sec (as a percentage, and scaled by 1e18)
     */
    function getBorrowRate(
        uint256 cash,
        uint256 borrows,
        uint256 reserves
    ) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the current supply interest rate per sec
     * @param cash The total amount of cash the market has
     * @param borrows The total amount of borrows the market has outstanding
     * @param reserves The total amnount of reserves the market has
     * @param reserveFactorMantissa The current reserve factor the market has
     * @return The supply rate per sec (as a percentage, and scaled by 1e18)
     */
    function getSupplyRate(
        uint256 cash,
        uint256 borrows,
        uint256 reserves,
        uint256 reserveFactorMantissa
    ) external view returns (uint256);
}

interface ERC3156FlashBorrowerInterface {
    /**
     * @dev Receive a flash loan.
     * @param initiator The initiator of the loan.
     * @param token The loan currency.
     * @param amount The amount of tokens lent.
     * @param fee The additional amount of tokens to repay.
     * @param data Arbitrary data structure, intended to contain user-defined parameters.
     * @return The keccak256 hash of "ERC3156FlashBorrower.onFlashLoan"
     */
    function onFlashLoan(
        address initiator,
        address token,
        uint256 amount,
        uint256 fee,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external returns (bytes32);
}

contract JoetrollerErrorReporter {
    enum Error {
        NO_ERROR,
        UNAUTHORIZED,
        JOETROLLER_MISMATCH,
        INSUFFICIENT_SHORTFALL,
        INSUFFICIENT_LIQUIDITY,
        INVALID_CLOSE_FACTOR,
        INVALID_COLLATERAL_FACTOR,
        INVALID_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE,
        MARKET_NOT_ENTERED, // no longer possible
        MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        MARKET_ALREADY_LISTED,
        MATH_ERROR,
        NONZERO_BORROW_BALANCE,
        PRICE_ERROR,
        REJECTION,
        SNAPSHOT_ERROR,
        TOO_MANY_ASSETS,
        TOO_MUCH_REPAY
    }

    enum FailureInfo {
        ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK,
        ACCEPT_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_ADDRESS_CHECK,
        EXIT_MARKET_BALANCE_OWED,
        EXIT_MARKET_REJECTION,
        SET_CLOSE_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_CLOSE_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_NO_EXISTS,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_WITHOUT_PRICE,
        SET_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE_VALIDATION,
        SET_MAX_ASSETS_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PRICE_ORACLE_OWNER_CHECK,
        SUPPORT_MARKET_EXISTS,
        SUPPORT_MARKET_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PAUSE_GUARDIAN_OWNER_CHECK
    }

    /**
     * @dev `error` corresponds to enum Error; `info` corresponds to enum FailureInfo, and `detail` is an arbitrary
     * contract-specific code that enables us to report opaque error codes from upgradeable contracts.
     **/
    event Failure(uint256 error, uint256 info, uint256 detail);

    /**
     * @dev use this when reporting a known error from the money market or a non-upgradeable collaborator
     */
    function fail(Error err, FailureInfo info) internal returns (uint256) {
        emit Failure(uint256(err), uint256(info), 0);

        return uint256(err);
    }

    /**
     * @dev use this when reporting an opaque error from an upgradeable collaborator contract
     */
    function failOpaque(
        Error err,
        FailureInfo info,
        uint256 opaqueError
    ) internal returns (uint256) {
        emit Failure(uint256(err), uint256(info), opaqueError);

        return uint256(err);
    }
}

contract TokenErrorReporter {
    enum Error {
        NO_ERROR,
        UNAUTHORIZED,
        BAD_INPUT,
        JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        JOETROLLER_CALCULATION_ERROR,
        INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_ERROR,
        INVALID_ACCOUNT_PAIR,
        INVALID_CLOSE_AMOUNT_REQUESTED,
        INVALID_COLLATERAL_FACTOR,
        MATH_ERROR,
        MARKET_NOT_FRESH,
        MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_ALLOWANCE,
        TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_BALANCE,
        TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH,
        TOKEN_TRANSFER_IN_FAILED,
        TOKEN_TRANSFER_OUT_FAILED
    }

    /*
     * Note: FailureInfo (but not Error) is kept in alphabetical order
     *       This is because FailureInfo grows significantly faster, and
     *       the order of Error has some meaning, while the order of FailureInfo
     *       is entirely arbitrary.
     */
    enum FailureInfo {
        ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK,
        ACCRUE_INTEREST_BORROW_RATE_CALCULATION_FAILED,
        BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        BORROW_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE,
        BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        BORROW_MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        BORROW_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_BORROW_INTEREST_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_COLLATERAL_INTEREST_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_COLLATERAL_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        LIQUIDATE_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        LIQUIDATE_JOETROLLER_CALCULATE_AMOUNT_SEIZE_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_UINT_MAX,
        LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_ZERO,
        LIQUIDATE_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        LIQUIDATE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER,
        LIQUIDATE_REPAY_BORROW_FRESH_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER,
        LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_TOO_MUCH,
        MINT_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        MINT_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        MINT_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        MINT_TRANSFER_IN_FAILED,
        MINT_TRANSFER_IN_NOT_POSSIBLE,
        REDEEM_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REDEEM_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        REDEEM_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        REDEEM_TRANSFER_OUT_NOT_POSSIBLE,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_ADMIN_CHECK,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_VALIDATION,
        REPAY_BEHALF_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REPAY_BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REPAY_BORROW_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        REPAY_BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        REPAY_BORROW_TRANSFER_IN_NOT_POSSIBLE,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_JOETROLLER_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_FRESH_CHECK,
        SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_MAX_ASSETS_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_ORACLE_MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ADMIN_CHECK,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_FRESH_CHECK,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_BOUNDS_CHECK,
        TRANSFER_JOETROLLER_REJECTION,
        TRANSFER_NOT_ALLOWED,
        ADD_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        ADD_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK,
        ADD_RESERVES_TRANSFER_IN_NOT_POSSIBLE
    }

    /**
     * @dev `error` corresponds to enum Error; `info` corresponds to enum FailureInfo, and `detail` is an arbitrary
     * contract-specific code that enables us to report opaque error codes from upgradeable contracts.
     **/
    event Failure(uint256 error, uint256 info, uint256 detail);

    /**
     * @dev use this when reporting a known error from the money market or a non-upgradeable collaborator
     */
    function fail(Error err, FailureInfo info) internal returns (uint256) {
        emit Failure(uint256(err), uint256(info), 0);

        return uint256(err);
    }

    /**
     * @dev use this when reporting an opaque error from an upgradeable collaborator contract
     */
    function failOpaque(
        Error err,
        FailureInfo info,
        uint256 opaqueError
    ) internal returns (uint256) {
        emit Failure(uint256(err), uint256(info), opaqueError);

        return uint256(err);
    }
}

/**
 * @title Careful Math
 * @author Compound
 * @notice Derived from OpenZeppelin's SafeMath library
 *         https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-solidity/blob/master/contracts/math/SafeMath.sol
 */
contract CarefulMath {
    /**
     * @dev Possible error codes that we can return
     */
    enum MathError {
        NO_ERROR,
        DIVISION_BY_ZERO,
        INTEGER_OVERFLOW,
        INTEGER_UNDERFLOW
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies two numbers, returns an error on overflow.
     */
    function mulUInt(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        if (a == 0) {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, 0);
        }

        uint256 c = a * b;

        if (c / a != b) {
            return (MathError.INTEGER_OVERFLOW, 0);
        } else {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, c);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Integer division of two numbers, truncating the quotient.
     */
    function divUInt(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        if (b == 0) {
            return (MathError.DIVISION_BY_ZERO, 0);
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, a / b);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Subtracts two numbers, returns an error on overflow (i.e. if subtrahend is greater than minuend).
     */
    function subUInt(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        if (b <= a) {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, a - b);
        } else {
            return (MathError.INTEGER_UNDERFLOW, 0);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Adds two numbers, returns an error on overflow.
     */
    function addUInt(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        uint256 c = a + b;

        if (c >= a) {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, c);
        } else {
            return (MathError.INTEGER_OVERFLOW, 0);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev add a and b and then subtract c
     */
    function addThenSubUInt(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        uint256 c
    ) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        (MathError err0, uint256 sum) = addUInt(a, b);

        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, 0);
        }

        return subUInt(sum, c);
    }
}

/**
 * @title Exponential module for storing fixed-precision decimals
 * @author Compound
 * @notice Exp is a struct which stores decimals with a fixed precision of 18 decimal places.
 *         Thus, if we wanted to store the 5.1, mantissa would store 5.1e18. That is:
 *         `Exp({mantissa: 5100000000000000000})`.
 */
contract Exponential is CarefulMath {
    uint256 constant expScale = 1e18;
    uint256 constant doubleScale = 1e36;
    uint256 constant halfExpScale = expScale / 2;
    uint256 constant mantissaOne = expScale;

    struct Exp {
        uint256 mantissa;
    }

    struct Double {
        uint256 mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Creates an exponential from numerator and denominator values.
     *      Note: Returns an error if (`num` * 10e18) > MAX_INT,
     *            or if `denom` is zero.
     */
    function getExp(uint256 num, uint256 denom) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint256 scaledNumerator) = mulUInt(num, expScale);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        (MathError err1, uint256 rational) = divUInt(scaledNumerator, denom);
        if (err1 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err1, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: rational}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Adds two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function addExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError error, uint256 result) = addUInt(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);

        return (error, Exp({mantissa: result}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Subtracts two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function subExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError error, uint256 result) = subUInt(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);

        return (error, Exp({mantissa: result}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function mulScalar(Exp memory a, uint256 scalar) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint256 scaledMantissa) = mulUInt(a.mantissa, scalar);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: scaledMantissa}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mulScalarTruncate(Exp memory a, uint256 scalar) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory product) = mulScalar(a, scalar);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, 0);
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, truncate(product));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, truncate, then add an to an unsigned integer, returning an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mulScalarTruncateAddUInt(
        Exp memory a,
        uint256 scalar,
        uint256 addend
    ) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory product) = mulScalar(a, scalar);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, 0);
        }

        return addUInt(truncate(product), addend);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mul_ScalarTruncate(Exp memory a, uint256 scalar) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        Exp memory product = mul_(a, scalar);
        return truncate(product);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, truncate, then add an to an unsigned integer, returning an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(
        Exp memory a,
        uint256 scalar,
        uint256 addend
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        Exp memory product = mul_(a, scalar);
        return add_(truncate(product), addend);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide an Exp by a scalar, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function divScalar(Exp memory a, uint256 scalar) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint256 descaledMantissa) = divUInt(a.mantissa, scalar);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: descaledMantissa}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function divScalarByExp(uint256 scalar, Exp memory divisor) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        /*
          We are doing this as:
          getExp(mulUInt(expScale, scalar), divisor.mantissa)

          How it works:
          Exp = a / b;
          Scalar = s;
          `s / (a / b)` = `b * s / a` and since for an Exp `a = mantissa, b = expScale`
        */
        (MathError err0, uint256 numerator) = mulUInt(expScale, scalar);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }
        return getExp(numerator, divisor.mantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function divScalarByExpTruncate(uint256 scalar, Exp memory divisor) internal pure returns (MathError, uint256) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory fraction) = divScalarByExp(scalar, divisor);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, 0);
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, truncate(fraction));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function div_ScalarByExp(uint256 scalar, Exp memory divisor) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        /*
          We are doing this as:
          getExp(mulUInt(expScale, scalar), divisor.mantissa)

          How it works:
          Exp = a / b;
          Scalar = s;
          `s / (a / b)` = `b * s / a` and since for an Exp `a = mantissa, b = expScale`
        */
        uint256 numerator = mul_(expScale, scalar);
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(numerator, divisor)});
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function div_ScalarByExpTruncate(uint256 scalar, Exp memory divisor) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        Exp memory fraction = div_ScalarByExp(scalar, divisor);
        return truncate(fraction);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function mulExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint256 doubleScaledProduct) = mulUInt(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        // We add half the scale before dividing so that we get rounding instead of truncation.
        //  See "Listing 6" and text above it at https://accu.org/index.php/journals/1717
        // Without this change, a result like 6.6...e-19 will be truncated to 0 instead of being rounded to 1e-18.
        (MathError err1, uint256 doubleScaledProductWithHalfScale) = addUInt(halfExpScale, doubleScaledProduct);
        if (err1 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err1, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        (MathError err2, uint256 product) = divUInt(doubleScaledProductWithHalfScale, expScale);
        // The only error `div` can return is MathError.DIVISION_BY_ZERO but we control `expScale` and it is not zero.
        assert(err2 == MathError.NO_ERROR);

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: product}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies two exponentials given their mantissas, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function mulExp(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        return mulExp(Exp({mantissa: a}), Exp({mantissa: b}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies three exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function mulExp3(
        Exp memory a,
        Exp memory b,
        Exp memory c
    ) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory ab) = mulExp(a, b);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, ab);
        }
        return mulExp(ab, c);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divides two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     *     (a/scale) / (b/scale) = (a/scale) * (scale/b) = a/b,
     *  which we can scale as an Exp by calling getExp(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)
     */
    function divExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        return getExp(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Truncates the given exp to a whole number value.
     *      For example, truncate(Exp{mantissa: 15 * expScale}) = 15
     */
    function truncate(Exp memory exp) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        // Note: We are not using careful math here as we're performing a division that cannot fail
        return exp.mantissa / expScale;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if first Exp is less than second Exp.
     */
    function lessThanExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa < right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if left Exp <= right Exp.
     */
    function lessThanOrEqualExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa <= right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev returns true if Exp is exactly zero
     */
    function isZeroExp(Exp memory value) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return value.mantissa == 0;
    }

    function safe224(uint256 n, string memory errorMessage) internal pure returns (uint224) {
        require(n < 2**224, errorMessage);
        return uint224(n);
    }

    function safe32(uint256 n, string memory errorMessage) internal pure returns (uint32) {
        require(n < 2**32, errorMessage);
        return uint32(n);
    }

    function add_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: add_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function add_(Double memory a, Double memory b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: add_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function add_(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return add_(a, b, "addition overflow");
    }

    function add_(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        uint256 c = a + b;
        require(c >= a, errorMessage);
        return c;
    }

    function sub_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: sub_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function sub_(Double memory a, Double memory b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: sub_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function sub_(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return sub_(a, b, "subtraction underflow");
    }

    function sub_(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b <= a, errorMessage);
        return a - b;
    }

    function mul_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa) / expScale});
    }

    function mul_(Exp memory a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function mul_(uint256 a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return mul_(a, b.mantissa) / expScale;
    }

    function mul_(Double memory a, Double memory b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa) / doubleScale});
    }

    function mul_(Double memory a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function mul_(uint256 a, Double memory b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return mul_(a, b.mantissa) / doubleScale;
    }

    function mul_(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return mul_(a, b, "multiplication overflow");
    }

    function mul_(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        if (a == 0 || b == 0) {
            return 0;
        }
        uint256 c = a * b;
        require(c / a == b, errorMessage);
        return c;
    }

    function div_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(mul_(a.mantissa, expScale), b.mantissa)});
    }

    function div_(Exp memory a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function div_(uint256 a, Exp memory b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return div_(mul_(a, expScale), b.mantissa);
    }

    function div_(Double memory a, Double memory b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(mul_(a.mantissa, doubleScale), b.mantissa)});
    }

    function div_(Double memory a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function div_(uint256 a, Double memory b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return div_(mul_(a, doubleScale), b.mantissa);
    }

    function div_(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return div_(a, b, "divide by zero");
    }

    function div_(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b > 0, errorMessage);
        return a / b;
    }

    function fraction(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(mul_(a, doubleScale), b)});
    }

    // implementation from https://github.com/Uniswap/uniswap-lib/commit/99f3f28770640ba1bb1ff460ac7c5292fb8291a0
    // original implementation: https://github.com/abdk-consulting/abdk-libraries-solidity/blob/master/ABDKMath64x64.sol#L687
    function sqrt(uint256 x) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        if (x == 0) return 0;
        uint256 xx = x;
        uint256 r = 1;

        if (xx >= 0x100000000000000000000000000000000) {
            xx >>= 128;
            r <<= 64;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x10000000000000000) {
            xx >>= 64;
            r <<= 32;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x100000000) {
            xx >>= 32;
            r <<= 16;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x10000) {
            xx >>= 16;
            r <<= 8;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x100) {
            xx >>= 8;
            r <<= 4;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x10) {
            xx >>= 4;
            r <<= 2;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x8) {
            r <<= 1;
        }

        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1; // Seven iterations should be enough
        uint256 r1 = x / r;
        return (r < r1 ? r : r1);
    }
}

/**
 * @title ERC 20 Token Standard Interface
 *  https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20
 */
interface EIP20Interface {
    function name() external view returns (string memory);

    function symbol() external view returns (string memory);

    function decimals() external view returns (uint8);

    /**
     * @notice Get the total number of tokens in circulation
     * @return The supply of tokens
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the balance of the specified address
     * @param owner The address from which the balance will be retrieved
     * @return The balance
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 amount
    ) external returns (bool success);

    /**
     * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
     * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
     *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (-1 means infinite)
     * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
     * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
     * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256 remaining);

    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);
}

/**
 * @title EIP20NonStandardInterface
 * @dev Version of ERC20 with no return values for `transfer` and `transferFrom`
 *  See https://medium.com/coinmonks/missing-return-value-bug-at-least-130-tokens-affected-d67bf08521ca
 */
interface EIP20NonStandardInterface {
    /**
     * @notice Get the total number of tokens in circulation
     * @return The supply of tokens
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the balance of the specified address
     * @param owner The address from which the balance will be retrieved
     * @return The balance
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    ///
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    /// !!! NOTICE !!! `transfer` does not return a value, in violation of the ERC-20 specification
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ///

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external;

    ///
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    /// !!! NOTICE !!! `transferFrom` does not return a value, in violation of the ERC-20 specification
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ///

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 amount
    ) external;

    /**
     * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
     * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
     *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved
     * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
     * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
     * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256 remaining);

    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);
}

contract JTokenStorage {
    /**
     * @dev Guard variable for re-entrancy checks
     */
    bool internal _notEntered;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token name for this token
     */
    string public name;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token symbol for this token
     */
    string public symbol;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token decimals for this token
     */
    uint8 public decimals;

    /**
     * @notice Maximum borrow rate that can ever be applied (.0005% / sec)
     */

    uint256 internal constant borrowRateMaxMantissa = 0.0005e16;

    /**
     * @notice Maximum fraction of interest that can be set aside for reserves
     */
    uint256 internal constant reserveFactorMaxMantissa = 1e18;

    /**
     * @notice Administrator for this contract
     */
    address payable public admin;

    /**
     * @notice Pending administrator for this contract
     */
    address payable public pendingAdmin;

    /**
     * @notice Contract which oversees inter-jToken operations
     */
    JoetrollerInterface public joetroller;

    /**
     * @notice Model which tells what the current interest rate should be
     */
    InterestRateModel public interestRateModel;

    /**
     * @notice Initial exchange rate used when minting the first JTokens (used when totalSupply = 0)
     */
    uint256 internal initialExchangeRateMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Fraction of interest currently set aside for reserves
     */
    uint256 public reserveFactorMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Block timestamp that interest was last accrued at
     */
    uint256 public accrualBlockTimestamp;

    /**
     * @notice Accumulator of the total earned interest rate since the opening of the market
     */
    uint256 public borrowIndex;

    /**
     * @notice Total amount of outstanding borrows of the underlying in this market
     */
    uint256 public totalBorrows;

    /**
     * @notice Total amount of reserves of the underlying held in this market
     */
    uint256 public totalReserves;

    /**
     * @notice Total number of tokens in circulation
     */
    uint256 public totalSupply;

    /**
     * @notice Official record of token balances for each account
     */
    mapping(address => uint256) internal accountTokens;

    /**
     * @notice Approved token transfer amounts on behalf of others
     */
    mapping(address => mapping(address => uint256)) internal transferAllowances;

    /**
     * @notice Container for borrow balance information
     * @member principal Total balance (with accrued interest), after applying the most recent balance-changing action
     * @member interestIndex Global borrowIndex as of the most recent balance-changing action
     */
    struct BorrowSnapshot {
        uint256 principal;
        uint256 interestIndex;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Mapping of account addresses to outstanding borrow balances
     */
    mapping(address => BorrowSnapshot) internal accountBorrows;
}

/*** Interface ***/

contract JTokenInterface is JTokenStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Indicator that this is a JToken contract (for inspection)
     */
    bool public constant isJToken = true;

    /*** Market Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when interest is accrued
     */
    event AccrueInterest(uint256 cashPrior, uint256 interestAccumulated, uint256 borrowIndex, uint256 totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when tokens are minted
     */
    event Mint(address minter, uint256 mintAmount, uint256 mintTokens);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when tokens are redeemed
     */
    event Redeem(address redeemer, uint256 redeemAmount, uint256 redeemTokens);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when underlying is borrowed
     */
    event Borrow(address borrower, uint256 borrowAmount, uint256 accountBorrows, uint256 totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a borrow is repaid
     */
    event RepayBorrow(
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        uint256 accountBorrows,
        uint256 totalBorrows
    );

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a borrow is liquidated
     */
    event LiquidateBorrow(
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        address jTokenCollateral,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    );

    /*** Admin Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when pendingAdmin is changed
     */
    event NewPendingAdmin(address oldPendingAdmin, address newPendingAdmin);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when pendingAdmin is accepted, which means admin is updated
     */
    event NewAdmin(address oldAdmin, address newAdmin);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when joetroller is changed
     */
    event NewJoetroller(JoetrollerInterface oldJoetroller, JoetrollerInterface newJoetroller);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when interestRateModel is changed
     */
    event NewMarketInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel oldInterestRateModel, InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserve factor is changed
     */
    event NewReserveFactor(uint256 oldReserveFactorMantissa, uint256 newReserveFactorMantissa);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserves are added
     */
    event ReservesAdded(address benefactor, uint256 addAmount, uint256 newTotalReserves);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserves are reduced
     */
    event ReservesReduced(address admin, uint256 reduceAmount, uint256 newTotalReserves);

    /**
     * @notice EIP20 Transfer event
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);

    /**
     * @notice EIP20 Approval event
     */
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);

    /**
     * @notice Failure event
     */
    event Failure(uint256 error, uint256 info, uint256 detail);

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    function transferFrom(
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 amount
    ) external returns (bool);

    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256);

    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256);

    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) external returns (uint256);

    function getAccountSnapshot(address account)
        external
        view
        returns (
            uint256,
            uint256,
            uint256,
            uint256
        );

    function borrowRatePerSecond() external view returns (uint256);

    function supplyRatePerSecond() external view returns (uint256);

    function totalBorrowsCurrent() external returns (uint256);

    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) external returns (uint256);

    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) public view returns (uint256);

    function exchangeRateCurrent() public returns (uint256);

    function exchangeRateStored() public view returns (uint256);

    function getCash() external view returns (uint256);

    function accrueInterest() public returns (uint256);

    function seize(
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) external returns (uint256);

    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) external returns (uint256);

    function _acceptAdmin() external returns (uint256);

    function _setJoetroller(JoetrollerInterface newJoetroller) public returns (uint256);

    function _setReserveFactor(uint256 newReserveFactorMantissa) external returns (uint256);

    function _reduceReserves(uint256 reduceAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) public returns (uint256);
}

/**
 * @title Compound's JToken Contract
 * @notice Abstract base for JTokens
 * @author Compound
 */
contract JToken is JTokenInterface, Exponential, TokenErrorReporter {
    /**
     * @notice Initialize the money market
     * @param joetroller_ The address of the Joetroller
     * @param interestRateModel_ The address of the interest rate model
     * @param initialExchangeRateMantissa_ The initial exchange rate, scaled by 1e18
     * @param name_ EIP-20 name of this token
     * @param symbol_ EIP-20 symbol of this token
     * @param decimals_ EIP-20 decimal precision of this token
     */
    function initialize(
        JoetrollerInterface joetroller_,
        InterestRateModel interestRateModel_,
        uint256 initialExchangeRateMantissa_,
        string memory name_,
        string memory symbol_,
        uint8 decimals_
    ) public {
        require(msg.sender == admin, "only admin may initialize the market");
        require(accrualBlockTimestamp == 0 && borrowIndex == 0, "market may only be initialized once");

        // Set initial exchange rate
        initialExchangeRateMantissa = initialExchangeRateMantissa_;
        require(initialExchangeRateMantissa > 0, "initial exchange rate must be greater than zero.");

        // Set the joetroller
        uint256 err = _setJoetroller(joetroller_);
        require(err == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "setting joetroller failed");

        // Initialize block timestamp and borrow index (block timestamp mocks depend on joetroller being set)
        accrualBlockTimestamp = getBlockTimestamp();
        borrowIndex = mantissaOne;

        // Set the interest rate model (depends on block timestamp / borrow index)
        err = _setInterestRateModelFresh(interestRateModel_);
        require(err == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "setting interest rate model failed");

        name = name_;
        symbol = symbol_;
        decimals = decimals_;

        // The counter starts true to prevent changing it from zero to non-zero (i.e. smaller cost/refund)
        _notEntered = true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external nonReentrant returns (bool) {
        return transferTokens(msg.sender, msg.sender, dst, amount) == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 amount
    ) external nonReentrant returns (bool) {
        return transferTokens(msg.sender, src, dst, amount) == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
     * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
     *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (-1 means infinite)
     * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool) {
        address src = msg.sender;
        transferAllowances[src][spender] = amount;
        emit Approval(src, spender, amount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
     * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256) {
        return transferAllowances[owner][spender];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the token balance of the `owner`
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The number of tokens owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256) {
        return accountTokens[owner];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the underlying balance of the `owner`
     * @dev This also accrues interest in a transaction
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The amount of underlying owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) external returns (uint256) {
        Exp memory exchangeRate = Exp({mantissa: exchangeRateCurrent()});
        return mul_ScalarTruncate(exchangeRate, accountTokens[owner]);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get a snapshot of the account's balances, and the cached exchange rate
     * @dev This is used by joetroller to more efficiently perform liquidity checks.
     * @param account Address of the account to snapshot
     * @return (possible error, token balance, borrow balance, exchange rate mantissa)
     */
    function getAccountSnapshot(address account)
        external
        view
        returns (
            uint256,
            uint256,
            uint256,
            uint256
        )
    {
        uint256 jTokenBalance = getJTokenBalanceInternal(account);
        uint256 borrowBalance = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(account);
        uint256 exchangeRateMantissa = exchangeRateStoredInternal();

        return (uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), jTokenBalance, borrowBalance, exchangeRateMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Function to simply retrieve block timestamp
     *  This exists mainly for inheriting test contracts to stub this result.
     */
    function getBlockTimestamp() internal view returns (uint256) {
        return block.timestamp;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-sec borrow interest rate for this jToken
     * @return The borrow interest rate per sec, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function borrowRatePerSecond() external view returns (uint256) {
        return interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(getCashPrior(), totalBorrows, totalReserves);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-sec supply interest rate for this jToken
     * @return The supply interest rate per sec, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function supplyRatePerSecond() external view returns (uint256) {
        return interestRateModel.getSupplyRate(getCashPrior(), totalBorrows, totalReserves, reserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the estimated per-sec borrow interest rate for this jToken after some change
     * @return The borrow interest rate per sec, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function estimateBorrowRatePerSecondAfterChange(uint256 change, bool repay) external view returns (uint256) {
        uint256 cashPriorNew;
        uint256 totalBorrowsNew;

        if (repay) {
            cashPriorNew = add_(getCashPrior(), change);
            totalBorrowsNew = sub_(totalBorrows, change);
        } else {
            cashPriorNew = sub_(getCashPrior(), change);
            totalBorrowsNew = add_(totalBorrows, change);
        }
        return interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(cashPriorNew, totalBorrowsNew, totalReserves);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the estimated per-sec supply interest rate for this jToken after some change
     * @return The supply interest rate per sec, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function estimateSupplyRatePerSecondAfterChange(uint256 change, bool repay) external view returns (uint256) {
        uint256 cashPriorNew;
        uint256 totalBorrowsNew;

        if (repay) {
            cashPriorNew = add_(getCashPrior(), change);
            totalBorrowsNew = sub_(totalBorrows, change);
        } else {
            cashPriorNew = sub_(getCashPrior(), change);
            totalBorrowsNew = add_(totalBorrows, change);
        }

        return interestRateModel.getSupplyRate(cashPriorNew, totalBorrowsNew, totalReserves, reserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current total borrows plus accrued interest
     * @return The total borrows with interest
     */
    function totalBorrowsCurrent() external nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        require(accrueInterest() == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "accrue interest failed");
        return totalBorrows;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest to updated borrowIndex and then calculate account's borrow balance using the updated borrowIndex
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated after updating borrowIndex
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) external nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        require(accrueInterest() == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "accrue interest failed");
        return borrowBalanceStored(account);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) public view returns (uint256) {
        return borrowBalanceStoredInternal(account);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return the calculated balance or 0 if error code is non-zero
     */
    function borrowBalanceStoredInternal(address account) internal view returns (uint256) {
        /* Get borrowBalance and borrowIndex */
        BorrowSnapshot storage borrowSnapshot = accountBorrows[account];

        /* If borrowBalance = 0 then borrowIndex is likely also 0.
         * Rather than failing the calculation with a division by 0, we immediately return 0 in this case.
         */
        if (borrowSnapshot.principal == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        /* Calculate new borrow balance using the interest index:
         *  recentBorrowBalance = borrower.borrowBalance * market.borrowIndex / borrower.borrowIndex
         */
        uint256 principalTimesIndex = mul_(borrowSnapshot.principal, borrowIndex);
        uint256 result = div_(principalTimesIndex, borrowSnapshot.interestIndex);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest then return the up-to-date exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateCurrent() public nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        require(accrueInterest() == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "accrue interest failed");
        return exchangeRateStored();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the JToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStored() public view returns (uint256) {
        return exchangeRateStoredInternal();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the JToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStoredInternal() internal view returns (uint256) {
        uint256 _totalSupply = totalSupply;
        if (_totalSupply == 0) {
            /*
             * If there are no tokens minted:
             *  exchangeRate = initialExchangeRate
             */
            return initialExchangeRateMantissa;
        } else {
            /*
             * Otherwise:
             *  exchangeRate = (totalCash + totalBorrows - totalReserves) / totalSupply
             */
            uint256 totalCash = getCashPrior();
            uint256 cashPlusBorrowsMinusReserves = sub_(add_(totalCash, totalBorrows), totalReserves);
            uint256 exchangeRate = div_(cashPlusBorrowsMinusReserves, Exp({mantissa: _totalSupply}));
            return exchangeRate;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get cash balance of this jToken in the underlying asset
     * @return The quantity of underlying asset owned by this contract
     */
    function getCash() external view returns (uint256) {
        return getCashPrior();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Applies accrued interest to total borrows and reserves
     * @dev This calculates interest accrued from the last checkpointed timestamp
     *   up to the current timestamp and writes new checkpoint to storage.
     */
    function accrueInterest() public returns (uint256) {
        /* Remember the initial block timestamp */
        uint256 currentBlockTimestamp = getBlockTimestamp();
        uint256 accrualBlockTimestampPrior = accrualBlockTimestamp;

        /* Short-circuit accumulating 0 interest */
        if (accrualBlockTimestampPrior == currentBlockTimestamp) {
            return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
        }

        /* Read the previous values out of storage */
        uint256 cashPrior = getCashPrior();
        uint256 borrowsPrior = totalBorrows;
        uint256 reservesPrior = totalReserves;
        uint256 borrowIndexPrior = borrowIndex;

        /* Calculate the current borrow interest rate */
        uint256 borrowRateMantissa = interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(cashPrior, borrowsPrior, reservesPrior);
        require(borrowRateMantissa <= borrowRateMaxMantissa, "borrow rate is absurdly high");

        /* Calculate the number of seconds elapsed since the last accrual */
        uint256 timestampDelta = sub_(currentBlockTimestamp, accrualBlockTimestampPrior);

        /*
         * Calculate the interest accumulated into borrows and reserves and the new index:
         *  simpleInterestFactor = borrowRate * timestampDelta
         *  interestAccumulated = simpleInterestFactor * totalBorrows
         *  totalBorrowsNew = interestAccumulated + totalBorrows
         *  totalReservesNew = interestAccumulated * reserveFactor + totalReserves
         *  borrowIndexNew = simpleInterestFactor * borrowIndex + borrowIndex
         */

        Exp memory simpleInterestFactor = mul_(Exp({mantissa: borrowRateMantissa}), timestampDelta);
        uint256 interestAccumulated = mul_ScalarTruncate(simpleInterestFactor, borrowsPrior);
        uint256 totalBorrowsNew = add_(interestAccumulated, borrowsPrior);
        uint256 totalReservesNew = mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(
            Exp({mantissa: reserveFactorMantissa}),
            interestAccumulated,
            reservesPrior
        );
        uint256 borrowIndexNew = mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(simpleInterestFactor, borrowIndexPrior, borrowIndexPrior);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accrualBlockTimestamp = currentBlockTimestamp;
        borrowIndex = borrowIndexNew;
        totalBorrows = totalBorrowsNew;
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        /* We emit an AccrueInterest event */
        emit AccrueInterest(cashPrior, interestAccumulated, borrowIndexNew, totalBorrowsNew);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender supplies assets into the market and receives jTokens in exchange
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param mintAmount The amount of the underlying asset to supply
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual mint amount.
     */
    function mintInternal(uint256 mintAmount, bool isNative) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256, uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.MINT_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }
        // mintFresh emits the actual Mint event if successful and logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return mintFresh(msg.sender, mintAmount, isNative);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems jTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemTokens The number of jTokens to redeem into underlying
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemInternal(uint256 redeemTokens, bool isNative) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted redeem failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REDEEM_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // redeemFresh emits redeem-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return redeemFresh(msg.sender, redeemTokens, 0, isNative);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems jTokens in exchange for a specified amount of underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemAmount The amount of underlying to receive from redeeming jTokens
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemUnderlyingInternal(uint256 redeemAmount, bool isNative) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted redeem failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REDEEM_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // redeemFresh emits redeem-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return redeemFresh(msg.sender, 0, redeemAmount, isNative);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender borrows assets from the protocol to their own address
     * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function borrowInternal(uint256 borrowAmount, bool isNative) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // borrowFresh emits borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return borrowFresh(msg.sender, borrowAmount, isNative);
    }

    struct BorrowLocalVars {
        MathError mathErr;
        uint256 accountBorrows;
        uint256 accountBorrowsNew;
        uint256 totalBorrowsNew;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Users borrow assets from the protocol to their own address
     * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function borrowFresh(
        address payable borrower,
        uint256 borrowAmount,
        bool isNative
    ) internal returns (uint256) {
        /* Fail if borrow not allowed */
        uint256 allowed = joetroller.borrowAllowed(address(this), borrower, borrowAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return failOpaque(Error.JOETROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.BORROW_JOETROLLER_REJECTION, allowed);
        }

        /*
         * Return if borrowAmount is zero.
         * Put behind `borrowAllowed` for accuring potential JOE rewards.
         */
        if (borrowAmount == 0) {
            accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
            return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
        }

        /* Verify market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp */
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK);
        }

        /* Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient underlying cash */
        if (getCashPrior() < borrowAmount) {
            return fail(Error.TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH, FailureInfo.BORROW_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE);
        }

        BorrowLocalVars memory vars;

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and total borrow balances, failing on overflow:
         *  accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrows + borrowAmount
         *  totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows + borrowAmount
         */
        vars.accountBorrows = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(borrower);
        vars.accountBorrowsNew = add_(vars.accountBorrows, borrowAmount);
        vars.totalBorrowsNew = add_(totalBorrows, borrowAmount);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We invoke doTransferOut for the borrower and the borrowAmount.
         *  Note: The jToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the jToken borrowAmount less of cash.
         *  doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         */
        doTransferOut(borrower, borrowAmount, isNative);

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accountBorrows[borrower].principal = vars.accountBorrowsNew;
        accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
        totalBorrows = vars.totalBorrowsNew;

        /* We emit a Borrow event */
        emit Borrow(borrower, borrowAmount, vars.accountBorrowsNew, vars.totalBorrowsNew);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        // unused function
        // joetroller.borrowVerify(address(this), borrower, borrowAmount);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays their own borrow
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function repayBorrowInternal(uint256 repayAmount, bool isNative) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256, uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REPAY_BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }
        // repayBorrowFresh emits repay-borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return repayBorrowFresh(msg.sender, msg.sender, repayAmount, isNative);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays a borrow belonging to borrower
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function repayBorrowBehalfInternal(
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        bool isNative
    ) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256, uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REPAY_BEHALF_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }
        // repayBorrowFresh emits repay-borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return repayBorrowFresh(msg.sender, borrower, repayAmount, isNative);
    }

    struct RepayBorrowLocalVars {
        Error err;
        MathError mathErr;
        uint256 repayAmount;
        uint256 borrowerIndex;
        uint256 accountBorrows;
        uint256 accountBorrowsNew;
        uint256 totalBorrowsNew;
        uint256 actualRepayAmount;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Borrows are repaid by another user (possibly the borrower).
     * @param payer the account paying off the borrow
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @param repayAmount the amount of undelrying tokens being returned
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function repayBorrowFresh(
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        bool isNative
    ) internal returns (uint256, uint256) {
        /* Fail if repayBorrow not allowed */
        uint256 allowed = joetroller.repayBorrowAllowed(address(this), payer, borrower, repayAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return (failOpaque(Error.JOETROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.REPAY_BORROW_JOETROLLER_REJECTION, allowed), 0);
        }

        /*
         * Return if repayAmount is zero.
         * Put behind `repayBorrowAllowed` for accuring potential JOE rewards.
         */
        if (repayAmount == 0) {
            accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
            return (uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), 0);
        }

        /* Verify market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp */
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.REPAY_BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        RepayBorrowLocalVars memory vars;

        /* We remember the original borrowerIndex for verification purposes */
        vars.borrowerIndex = accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex;

        /* We fetch the amount the borrower owes, with accumulated interest */
        vars.accountBorrows = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(borrower);

        /* If repayAmount == -1, repayAmount = accountBorrows */
        if (repayAmount == uint256(-1)) {
            vars.repayAmount = vars.accountBorrows;
        } else {
            vars.repayAmount = repayAmount;
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We call doTransferIn for the payer and the repayAmount
         *  Note: The jToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the jToken holds an additional repayAmount of cash.
         *  doTransferIn reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         *   it returns the amount actually transferred, in case of a fee.
         */
        vars.actualRepayAmount = doTransferIn(payer, vars.repayAmount, isNative);

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and total borrow balances, failing on underflow:
         *  accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrows - actualRepayAmount
         *  totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows - actualRepayAmount
         */
        vars.accountBorrowsNew = sub_(vars.accountBorrows, vars.actualRepayAmount);
        vars.totalBorrowsNew = sub_(totalBorrows, vars.actualRepayAmount);

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accountBorrows[borrower].principal = vars.accountBorrowsNew;
        accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
        totalBorrows = vars.totalBorrowsNew;

        /* We emit a RepayBorrow event */
        emit RepayBorrow(payer, borrower, vars.actualRepayAmount, vars.accountBorrowsNew, vars.totalBorrowsNew);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        // unused function
        // joetroller.repayBorrowVerify(address(this), payer, borrower, vars.actualRepayAmount, vars.borrowerIndex);

        return (uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), vars.actualRepayAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice The sender liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this jToken to be liquidated
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     * @param jTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function liquidateBorrowInternal(
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        JTokenInterface jTokenCollateral,
        bool isNative
    ) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256, uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted liquidation failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_BORROW_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }

        error = jTokenCollateral.accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted liquidation failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_COLLATERAL_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }

        // liquidateBorrowFresh emits borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return liquidateBorrowFresh(msg.sender, borrower, repayAmount, jTokenCollateral, isNative);
    }

    /**
     * @notice The liquidator liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this jToken to be liquidated
     * @param liquidator The address repaying the borrow and seizing collateral
     * @param jTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function liquidateBorrowFresh(
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        JTokenInterface jTokenCollateral,
        bool isNative
    ) internal returns (uint256, uint256) {
        /* Fail if liquidate not allowed */
        uint256 allowed = joetroller.liquidateBorrowAllowed(
            address(this),
            address(jTokenCollateral),
            liquidator,
            borrower,
            repayAmount
        );
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return (failOpaque(Error.JOETROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_JOETROLLER_REJECTION, allowed), 0);
        }

        /* Verify market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp */
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        /* Verify jTokenCollateral market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp */
        if (jTokenCollateral.accrualBlockTimestamp() != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_COLLATERAL_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if borrower = liquidator */
        if (borrower == liquidator) {
            return (fail(Error.INVALID_ACCOUNT_PAIR, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if repayAmount = 0 */
        if (repayAmount == 0) {
            return (fail(Error.INVALID_CLOSE_AMOUNT_REQUESTED, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_ZERO), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if repayAmount = -1 */
        if (repayAmount == uint256(-1)) {
            return (fail(Error.INVALID_CLOSE_AMOUNT_REQUESTED, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_UINT_MAX), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if repayBorrow fails */
        (uint256 repayBorrowError, uint256 actualRepayAmount) = repayBorrowFresh(
            liquidator,
            borrower,
            repayAmount,
            isNative
        );
        if (repayBorrowError != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            return (fail(Error(repayBorrowError), FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_REPAY_BORROW_FRESH_FAILED), 0);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We calculate the number of collateral tokens that will be seized */
        (uint256 amountSeizeError, uint256 seizeTokens) = joetroller.liquidateCalculateSeizeTokens(
            address(this),
            address(jTokenCollateral),
            actualRepayAmount
        );
        require(amountSeizeError == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "LIQUIDATE_JOETROLLER_CALCULATE_AMOUNT_SEIZE_FAILED");

        /* Revert if borrower collateral token balance < seizeTokens */
        require(jTokenCollateral.balanceOf(borrower) >= seizeTokens, "LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_TOO_MUCH");

        // If this is also the collateral, run seizeInternal to avoid re-entrancy, otherwise make an external call
        uint256 seizeError;
        if (address(jTokenCollateral) == address(this)) {
            seizeError = seizeInternal(address(this), liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        } else {
            seizeError = jTokenCollateral.seize(liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        }

        /* Revert if seize tokens fails (since we cannot be sure of side effects) */
        require(seizeError == uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), "token seizure failed");

        /* We emit a LiquidateBorrow event */
        emit LiquidateBorrow(liquidator, borrower, actualRepayAmount, address(jTokenCollateral), seizeTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        // unused function
        // joetroller.liquidateBorrowVerify(address(this), address(jTokenCollateral), liquidator, borrower, actualRepayAmount, seizeTokens);

        return (uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), actualRepayAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Will fail unless called by another jToken during the process of liquidation.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the borrowed jToken and not a parameter.
     * @param liquidator The account receiving seized collateral
     * @param borrower The account having collateral seized
     * @param seizeTokens The number of jTokens to seize
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function seize(
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) external nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        return seizeInternal(msg.sender, liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
    }

    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    /**
     * @notice Begins transfer of admin rights. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
     * @dev Admin function to begin change of admin. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
     * @param newPendingAdmin New pending admin.
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) external returns (uint256) {
        // Check caller = admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current value, if any, for inclusion in log
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store pendingAdmin with value newPendingAdmin
        pendingAdmin = newPendingAdmin;

        // Emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin)
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accepts transfer of admin rights. msg.sender must be pendingAdmin
     * @dev Admin function for pending admin to accept role and update admin
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _acceptAdmin() external returns (uint256) {
        // Check caller is pendingAdmin and pendingAdmin ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingAdmin || msg.sender == address(0)) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldAdmin = admin;
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store admin with value pendingAdmin
        admin = pendingAdmin;

        // Clear the pending value
        pendingAdmin = address(0);

        emit NewAdmin(oldAdmin, admin);
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, pendingAdmin);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sets a new joetroller for the market
     * @dev Admin function to set a new joetroller
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setJoetroller(JoetrollerInterface newJoetroller) public returns (uint256) {
        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_JOETROLLER_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        JoetrollerInterface oldJoetroller = joetroller;
        // Ensure invoke joetroller.isJoetroller() returns true
        require(newJoetroller.isJoetroller(), "marker method returned false");

        // Set market's joetroller to newJoetroller
        joetroller = newJoetroller;

        // Emit NewJoetroller(oldJoetroller, newJoetroller)
        emit NewJoetroller(oldJoetroller, newJoetroller);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice accrues interest and sets a new reserve factor for the protocol using _setReserveFactorFresh
     * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and set a new reserve factor
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setReserveFactor(uint256 newReserveFactorMantissa) external nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted reserve factor change failed.
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // _setReserveFactorFresh emits reserve-factor-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _setReserveFactorFresh(newReserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sets a new reserve factor for the protocol (*requires fresh interest accrual)
     * @dev Admin function to set a new reserve factor
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setReserveFactorFresh(uint256 newReserveFactorMantissa) internal returns (uint256) {
        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // Verify market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_FRESH_CHECK);
        }

        // Check newReserveFactor ≤ maxReserveFactor
        if (newReserveFactorMantissa > reserveFactorMaxMantissa) {
            return fail(Error.BAD_INPUT, FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_BOUNDS_CHECK);
        }

        uint256 oldReserveFactorMantissa = reserveFactorMantissa;
        reserveFactorMantissa = newReserveFactorMantissa;

        emit NewReserveFactor(oldReserveFactorMantissa, newReserveFactorMantissa);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring from msg.sender
     * @param addAmount Amount of addition to reserves
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _addReservesInternal(uint256 addAmount, bool isNative) internal nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted reduce reserves failed.
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.ADD_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }

        // _addReservesFresh emits reserve-addition-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        (error, ) = _addReservesFresh(addAmount, isNative);
        return error;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Add reserves by transferring from caller
     * @dev Requires fresh interest accrual
     * @param addAmount Amount of addition to reserves
     * @param isNative The amount is in native or not
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)) and the actual amount added, net token fees
     */
    function _addReservesFresh(uint256 addAmount, bool isNative) internal returns (uint256, uint256) {
        // totalReserves + actualAddAmount
        uint256 totalReservesNew;
        uint256 actualAddAmount;

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.ADD_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK), actualAddAmount);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We call doTransferIn for the caller and the addAmount
         *  Note: The jToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the jToken holds an additional addAmount of cash.
         *  doTransferIn reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         *  it returns the amount actually transferred, in case of a fee.
         */

        actualAddAmount = doTransferIn(msg.sender, addAmount, isNative);

        totalReservesNew = add_(totalReserves, actualAddAmount);

        // Store reserves[n+1] = reserves[n] + actualAddAmount
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        /* Emit NewReserves(admin, actualAddAmount, reserves[n+1]) */
        emit ReservesAdded(msg.sender, actualAddAmount, totalReservesNew);

        /* Return (NO_ERROR, actualAddAmount) */
        return (uint256(Error.NO_ERROR), actualAddAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReserves(uint256 reduceAmount) external nonReentrant returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted reduce reserves failed.
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // _reduceReservesFresh emits reserve-reduction-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _reduceReservesFresh(reduceAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @dev Requires fresh interest accrual
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReservesFresh(uint256 reduceAmount) internal returns (uint256) {
        // totalReserves - reduceAmount
        uint256 totalReservesNew;

        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK);
        }

        // Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient underlying cash
        if (getCashPrior() < reduceAmount) {
            return fail(Error.TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE);
        }

        // Check reduceAmount ≤ reserves[n] (totalReserves)
        if (reduceAmount > totalReserves) {
            return fail(Error.BAD_INPUT, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_VALIDATION);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        totalReservesNew = sub_(totalReserves, reduceAmount);

        // Store reserves[n+1] = reserves[n] - reduceAmount
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        // doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
        // Restrict reducing reserves in native token. Implementations except `JWrappedNative` won't use parameter `isNative`.
        doTransferOut(admin, reduceAmount, true);

        emit ReservesReduced(admin, reduceAmount, totalReservesNew);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice accrues interest and updates the interest rate model using _setInterestRateModelFresh
     * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) public returns (uint256) {
        uint256 error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint256(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted change of interest rate model failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // _setInterestRateModelFresh emits interest-rate-model-update-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _setInterestRateModelFresh(newInterestRateModel);
    }

    /**
     * @notice updates the interest rate model (*requires fresh interest accrual)
     * @dev Admin function to update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModelFresh(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) internal returns (uint256) {
        // Used to store old model for use in the event that is emitted on success
        InterestRateModel oldInterestRateModel;

        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block timestamp equals current block timestamp
        if (accrualBlockTimestamp != getBlockTimestamp()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_FRESH_CHECK);
        }

        // Track the market's current interest rate model
        oldInterestRateModel = interestRateModel;

        // Ensure invoke newInterestRateModel.isInterestRateModel() returns true
        require(newInterestRateModel.isInterestRateModel(), "marker method returned false");

        // Set the interest rate model to newInterestRateModel
        interestRateModel = newInterestRateModel;

        // Emit NewMarketInterestRateModel(oldInterestRateModel, newInterestRateModel)
        emit NewMarketInterestRateModel(oldInterestRateModel, newInterestRateModel);

        return uint256(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /*** Safe Token ***/

    /**
     * @notice Gets balance of this contract in terms of the underlying
     * @dev This excludes the value of the current message, if any
     * @return The quantity of underlying owned by this contract
     */
    function getCashPrior() internal view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Performs a transfer in, reverting upon failure. Returns the amount actually transferred to the protocol, in case of a fee.
     *  This may revert due to insufficient balance or insufficient allowance.
     */
    function doTransferIn(
        address from,
        uint256 amount,
        bool isNative
    ) internal returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Performs a transfer out, ideally returning an explanatory error code upon failure tather than reverting.
     *  If caller has not called checked protocol's balance, may revert due to insufficient cash held in the contract.
     *  If caller has checked protocol's balance, and verified it is >= amount, this should not revert in normal conditions.
     */
    function doTransferOut(
        address payable to,
        uint256 amount,
        bool isNative
    ) internal;

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `tokens` tokens from `src` to `dst` by `spender`
     * @dev Called by both `transfer` and `transferFrom` internally
     */
    function transferTokens(
        address spender,
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 tokens
    ) internal returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Get the account's jToken balances
     */
    function getJTokenBalanceInternal(address account) internal view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice User supplies assets into the market and receives jTokens in exchange
     * @dev Assumes interest has already been accrued up to the current timestamp
     */
    function mintFresh(
        address minter,
        uint256 mintAmount,
        bool isNative
    ) internal returns (uint256, uint256);

    /**
     * @notice User redeems jTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Assumes interest has already been accrued up to the current timestamp
     */
    function redeemFresh(
        address payable redeemer,
        uint256 redeemTokensIn,
        uint256 redeemAmountIn,
        bool isNative
    ) internal returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Called only during an in-kind liquidation, or by liquidateBorrow during the liquidation of another JToken.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the seizer jToken and not a parameter.
     */
    function seizeInternal(
        address seizerToken,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) internal returns (uint256);

    /*** Reentrancy Guard ***/

    /**
     * @dev Prevents a contract from calling itself, directly or indirectly.
     */
    modifier nonReentrant() {
        require(_notEntered, "re-entered");
        _notEntered = false;
        _;
        _notEntered = true; // get a gas-refund post-Istanbul
    }
}

contract PriceOracle {
    /**
     * @notice Get the underlying price of a jToken asset
     * @param jToken The jToken to get the underlying price of
     * @return The underlying asset price mantissa (scaled by 1e18).
     *  Zero means the price is unavailable.
     */
    function getUnderlyingPrice(JToken jToken) external view returns (uint256);
}

contract UnitrollerAdminStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Administrator for this contract
     */
    address public admin;

    /**
     * @notice Pending administrator for this contract
     */
    address public pendingAdmin;

    /**
     * @notice Active brains of Unitroller
     */
    address public implementation;

    /**
     * @notice Pending brains of Unitroller
     */
    address public pendingImplementation;
}

contract JoetrollerV1Storage is UnitrollerAdminStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Oracle which gives the price of any given asset
     */
    PriceOracle public oracle;

    /**
     * @notice Multiplier used to calculate the maximum repayAmount when liquidating a borrow
     */
    uint256 public closeFactorMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Multiplier representing the discount on collateral that a liquidator receives
     */
    uint256 public liquidationIncentiveMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Per-account mapping of "assets you are in"
     */
    mapping(address => JToken[]) public accountAssets;

    enum Version {
        VANILLA,
        COLLATERALCAP,
        WRAPPEDNATIVE
    }

    struct Market {
        /// @notice Whether or not this market is listed
        bool isListed;
        /**
         * @notice Multiplier representing the most one can borrow against their collateral in this market.
         *  For instance, 0.9 to allow borrowing 90% of collateral value.
         *  Must be between 0 and 1, and stored as a mantissa.
         */
        uint256 collateralFactorMantissa;
        /// @notice Per-market mapping of "accounts in this asset"
        mapping(address => bool) accountMembership;
        /// @notice JToken version
        Version version;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Official mapping of jTokens -> Market metadata
     * @dev Used e.g. to determine if a market is supported
     */
    mapping(address => Market) public markets;

    /**
     * @notice The Pause Guardian can pause certain actions as a safety mechanism.
     *  Actions which allow users to remove their own assets cannot be paused.
     *  Liquidation / seizing / transfer can only be paused globally, not by market.
     */
    address public pauseGuardian;
    bool public _mintGuardianPaused;
    bool public _borrowGuardianPaused;
    bool public transferGuardianPaused;
    bool public seizeGuardianPaused;
    mapping(address => bool) public mintGuardianPaused;
    mapping(address => bool) public borrowGuardianPaused;

    /// @notice A list of all markets
    JToken[] public allMarkets;

    // @notice The borrowCapGuardian can set borrowCaps to any number for any market. Lowering the borrow cap could disable borrowing on the given market.
    address public borrowCapGuardian;

    // @notice Borrow caps enforced by borrowAllowed for each jToken address. Defaults to zero which corresponds to unlimited borrowing.
    mapping(address => uint256) public borrowCaps;

    // @notice The supplyCapGuardian can set supplyCaps to any number for any market. Lowering the supply cap could disable supplying to the given market.
    address public supplyCapGuardian;

    // @notice Supply caps enforced by mintAllowed for each jToken address. Defaults to zero which corresponds to unlimited supplying.
    mapping(address => uint256) public supplyCaps;

    // @notice creditLimits allowed specific protocols to borrow and repay without collateral.
    mapping(address => uint256) public creditLimits;

    // @notice flashloanGuardianPaused can pause flash loan as a safety mechanism.
    mapping(address => bool) public flashloanGuardianPaused;

    // @notice rewardDistributor The module that handles reward distribution.
    address payable public rewardDistributor;
}

contract JoetrollerInterface {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is a Joetroller contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isJoetroller = true;

    /*** Assets You Are In ***/

    function enterMarkets(address[] calldata jTokens) external returns (uint256[] memory);

    function exitMarket(address jToken) external returns (uint256);

    /*** Policy Hooks ***/

    function mintAllowed(
        address jToken,
        address minter,
        uint256 mintAmount
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function mintVerify(
        address jToken,
        address minter,
        uint256 mintAmount,
        uint256 mintTokens
    ) external;

    function redeemAllowed(
        address jToken,
        address redeemer,
        uint256 redeemTokens
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function redeemVerify(
        address jToken,
        address redeemer,
        uint256 redeemAmount,
        uint256 redeemTokens
    ) external;

    function borrowAllowed(
        address jToken,
        address borrower,
        uint256 borrowAmount
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function borrowVerify(
        address jToken,
        address borrower,
        uint256 borrowAmount
    ) external;

    function repayBorrowAllowed(
        address jToken,
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function repayBorrowVerify(
        address jToken,
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        uint256 borrowerIndex
    ) external;

    function liquidateBorrowAllowed(
        address jTokenBorrowed,
        address jTokenCollateral,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function liquidateBorrowVerify(
        address jTokenBorrowed,
        address jTokenCollateral,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) external;

    function seizeAllowed(
        address jTokenCollateral,
        address jTokenBorrowed,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function seizeVerify(
        address jTokenCollateral,
        address jTokenBorrowed,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) external;

    function transferAllowed(
        address jToken,
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 transferTokens
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function transferVerify(
        address jToken,
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 transferTokens
    ) external;

    /*** Liquidity/Liquidation Calculations ***/

    function liquidateCalculateSeizeTokens(
        address jTokenBorrowed,
        address jTokenCollateral,
        uint256 repayAmount
    ) external view returns (uint256, uint256);
}

interface JoetrollerInterfaceExtension {
    function checkMembership(address account, JToken jToken) external view returns (bool);

    function updateJTokenVersion(address jToken, JoetrollerV1Storage.Version version) external;

    function flashloanAllowed(
        address jToken,
        address receiver,
        uint256 amount,
        bytes calldata params
    ) external view returns (bool);
}

contract JErc20Storage {
    /**
     * @notice Underlying asset for this JToken
     */
    address public underlying;

    /**
     * @notice Implementation address for this contract
     */
    address public implementation;
}

contract JSupplyCapStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Internal cash counter for this JToken. Should equal underlying.balanceOf(address(this)) for CERC20.
     */
    uint256 public internalCash;
}

contract JCollateralCapStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Total number of tokens used as collateral in circulation.
     */
    uint256 public totalCollateralTokens;

    /**
     * @notice Record of token balances which could be treated as collateral for each account.
     *         If collateral cap is not set, the value should be equal to accountTokens.
     */
    mapping(address => uint256) public accountCollateralTokens;

    /**
     * @notice Check if accountCollateralTokens have been initialized.
     */
    mapping(address => bool) public isCollateralTokenInit;

    /**
     * @notice Collateral cap for this JToken, zero for no cap.
     */
    uint256 public collateralCap;
}

contract JErc20Interface is JErc20Storage {
    /*** User Interface ***/

    function mint(uint256 mintAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function redeem(uint256 redeemTokens) external returns (uint256);

    function redeemUnderlying(uint256 redeemAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function borrow(uint256 borrowAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function repayBorrow(uint256 repayAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function repayBorrowBehalf(address borrower, uint256 repayAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function liquidateBorrow(
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        JTokenInterface jTokenCollateral
    ) external returns (uint256);

    function _addReserves(uint256 addAmount) external returns (uint256);
}

contract JWrappedNativeInterface is JErc20Interface {
    /**
     * @notice Flash loan fee ratio
     */
    uint256 public constant flashFeeBips = 8;

    /*** Market Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a flashloan occured
     */
    event Flashloan(address indexed receiver, uint256 amount, uint256 totalFee, uint256 reservesFee);

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function mintNative() external payable returns (uint256);

    function redeemNative(uint256 redeemTokens) external returns (uint256);

    function redeemUnderlyingNative(uint256 redeemAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function borrowNative(uint256 borrowAmount) external returns (uint256);

    function repayBorrowNative() external payable returns (uint256);

    function repayBorrowBehalfNative(address borrower) external payable returns (uint256);

    function liquidateBorrowNative(address borrower, JTokenInterface jTokenCollateral)
        external
        payable
        returns (uint256);

    function flashLoan(
        ERC3156FlashBorrowerInterface receiver,
        address initiator,
        uint256 amount,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external returns (bool);

    function _addReservesNative() external payable returns (uint256);
}

contract JCapableErc20Interface is JErc20Interface, JSupplyCapStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Flash loan fee ratio
     */
    uint256 public constant flashFeeBips = 8;

    /*** Market Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a flashloan occured
     */
    event Flashloan(address indexed receiver, uint256 amount, uint256 totalFee, uint256 reservesFee);

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function gulp() external;
}

contract JCollateralCapErc20Interface is JCapableErc20Interface, JCollateralCapStorage {
    /*** Admin Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when collateral cap is set
     */
    event NewCollateralCap(address token, uint256 newCap);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when user collateral is changed
     */
    event UserCollateralChanged(address account, uint256 newCollateralTokens);

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function registerCollateral(address account) external returns (uint256);

    function unregisterCollateral(address account) external;

    function flashLoan(
        ERC3156FlashBorrowerInterface receiver,
        address initiator,
        uint256 amount,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external returns (bool);

    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _setCollateralCap(uint256 newCollateralCap) external;
}

contract JDelegatorInterface {
    /**
     * @notice Emitted when implementation is changed
     */
    event NewImplementation(address oldImplementation, address newImplementation);

    /**
     * @notice Called by the admin to update the implementation of the delegator
     * @param implementation_ The address of the new implementation for delegation
     * @param allowResign Flag to indicate whether to call _resignImplementation on the old implementation
     * @param becomeImplementationData The encoded bytes data to be passed to _becomeImplementation
     */
    function _setImplementation(
        address implementation_,
        bool allowResign,
        bytes memory becomeImplementationData
    ) public;
}

contract JDelegateInterface {
    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to initialize it for duty
     * @dev Should revert if any issues arise which make it unfit for delegation
     * @param data The encoded bytes data for any initialization
     */
    function _becomeImplementation(bytes memory data) public;

    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to forfeit its responsibility
     */
    function _resignImplementation() public;
}

/*** External interface ***/

/**
 * @title Flash loan receiver interface
 */
interface IFlashloanReceiver {
    function executeOperation(
        address sender,
        address underlying,
        uint256 amount,
        uint256 fee,
        bytes calldata params
    ) external;
}

/**
 * @title Compound's JWrappedNativeDelegator Contract
 * @notice JTokens which wrap an EIP-20 underlying and delegate to an implementation
 * @author Compound
 */
contract JWrappedNativeDelegator is JTokenInterface, JWrappedNativeInterface, JDelegatorInterface {
    /**
     * @notice Construct a new money market
     * @param underlying_ The address of the underlying asset
     * @param joetroller_ The address of the Joetroller
     * @param interestRateModel_ The address of the interest rate model
     * @param initialExchangeRateMantissa_ The initial exchange rate, scaled by 1e18
     * @param name_ ERC-20 name of this token
     * @param symbol_ ERC-20 symbol of this token
     * @param decimals_ ERC-20 decimal precision of this token
     * @param admin_ Address of the administrator of this token
     * @param implementation_ The address of the implementation the contract delegates to
     * @param becomeImplementationData The encoded args for becomeImplementation
     */
    constructor(
        address underlying_,
        JoetrollerInterface joetroller_,
        InterestRateModel interestRateModel_,
        uint256 initialExchangeRateMantissa_,
        string memory name_,
        string memory symbol_,
        uint8 decimals_,
        address payable admin_,
        address implementation_,
        bytes memory becomeImplementationData
    ) public {
        // Creator of the contract is admin during initialization
        admin = msg.sender;

        // First delegate gets to initialize the delegator (i.e. storage contract)
        delegateTo(
            implementation_,
            abi.encodeWithSignature(
                "initialize(address,address,address,uint256,string,string,uint8)",
                underlying_,
                joetroller_,
                interestRateModel_,
                initialExchangeRateMantissa_,
                name_,
                symbol_,
                decimals_
            )
        );

        // New implementations always get set via the settor (post-initialize)
        _setImplementation(implementation_, false, becomeImplementationData);

        // Set the proper admin now that initialization is done
        admin = admin_;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Called by the admin to update the implementation of the delegator
     * @param implementation_ The address of the new implementation for delegation
     * @param allowResign Flag to indicate whether to call _resignImplementation on the old implementation
     * @param becomeImplementationData The encoded bytes data to be passed to _becomeImplementation
     */
    function _setImplementation(
        address implementation_,
        bool allowResign,
        bytes memory becomeImplementationData
    ) public {
        require(msg.sender == admin, "JWrappedNativeDelegator::_setImplementation: Caller must be admin");

        if (allowResign) {
            delegateToImplementation(abi.encodeWithSignature("_resignImplementation()"));
        }

        address oldImplementation = implementation;
        implementation = implementation_;

        delegateToImplementation(abi.encodeWithSignature("_becomeImplementation(bytes)", becomeImplementationData));

        emit NewImplementation(oldImplementation, implementation);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender supplies assets into the market and receives jTokens in exchange
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param mintAmount The amount of the underlying asset to supply
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function mint(uint256 mintAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        mintAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender supplies assets into the market and receives jTokens in exchange
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function mintNative() external payable returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems jTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemTokens The number of jTokens to redeem into underlying
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeem(uint256 redeemTokens) external returns (uint256) {
        redeemTokens; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems jTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemTokens The number of jTokens to redeem into underlying
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemNative(uint256 redeemTokens) external returns (uint256) {
        redeemTokens; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems jTokens in exchange for a specified amount of underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemAmount The amount of underlying to redeem
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemUnderlying(uint256 redeemAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        redeemAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems jTokens in exchange for a specified amount of underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemAmount The amount of underlying to redeem
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemUnderlyingNative(uint256 redeemAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        redeemAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender borrows assets from the protocol to their own address
     * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function borrow(uint256 borrowAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        borrowAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender borrows assets from the protocol to their own address
     * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function borrowNative(uint256 borrowAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        borrowAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays their own borrow
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function repayBorrow(uint256 repayAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        repayAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays their own borrow
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function repayBorrowNative() external payable returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays a borrow belonging to borrower
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function repayBorrowBehalf(address borrower, uint256 repayAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        borrower;
        repayAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays a borrow belonging to borrower
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function repayBorrowBehalfNative(address borrower) external payable returns (uint256) {
        borrower; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice The sender liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this jToken to be liquidated
     * @param jTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function liquidateBorrow(
        address borrower,
        uint256 repayAmount,
        JTokenInterface jTokenCollateral
    ) external returns (uint256) {
        borrower;
        repayAmount;
        jTokenCollateral; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice The sender liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this jToken to be liquidated
     * @param jTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function liquidateBorrowNative(address borrower, JTokenInterface jTokenCollateral)
        external
        payable
        returns (uint256)
    {
        borrower;
        jTokenCollateral; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Flash loan funds to a given account.
     * @param receiver The receiver address for the funds
     * @param amount The amount of the funds to be loaned
     * @param data The other data
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */

    function flashLoan(
        ERC3156FlashBorrowerInterface receiver,
        address initiator,
        uint256 amount,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external returns (bool) {
        receiver;
        amount;
        data; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool) {
        dst;
        amount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address src,
        address dst,
        uint256 amount
    ) external returns (bool) {
        src;
        dst;
        amount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
     * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
     *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (-1 means infinite)
     * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool) {
        spender;
        amount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
     * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256) {
        owner;
        spender; // Shh
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the token balance of the `owner`
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The number of tokens owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256) {
        owner; // Shh
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the underlying balance of the `owner`
     * @dev This also accrues interest in a transaction
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The amount of underlying owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) external returns (uint256) {
        owner; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get a snapshot of the account's balances, and the cached exchange rate
     * @dev This is used by joetroller to more efficiently perform liquidity checks.
     * @param account Address of the account to snapshot
     * @return (possible error, token balance, borrow balance, exchange rate mantissa)
     */
    function getAccountSnapshot(address account)
        external
        view
        returns (
            uint256,
            uint256,
            uint256,
            uint256
        )
    {
        account; // Shh
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-sec borrow interest rate for this jToken
     * @return The borrow interest rate per sec, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function borrowRatePerSecond() external view returns (uint256) {
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-sec supply interest rate for this jToken
     * @return The supply interest rate per sec, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function supplyRatePerSecond() external view returns (uint256) {
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current total borrows plus accrued interest
     * @return The total borrows with interest
     */
    function totalBorrowsCurrent() external returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest to updated borrowIndex and then calculate account's borrow balance using the updated borrowIndex
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated after updating borrowIndex
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) external returns (uint256) {
        account; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) public view returns (uint256) {
        account; // Shh
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest then return the up-to-date exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateCurrent() public returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the JToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStored() public view returns (uint256) {
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get cash balance of this jToken in the underlying asset
     * @return The quantity of underlying asset owned by this contract
     */
    function getCash() external view returns (uint256) {
        delegateToViewAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Applies accrued interest to total borrows and reserves.
     * @dev This calculates interest accrued from the last checkpointed timestamp
     *      up to the current timestamp and writes new checkpoint to storage.
     */
    function accrueInterest() public returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Will fail unless called by another jToken during the process of liquidation.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the borrowed jToken and not a parameter.
     * @param liquidator The account receiving seized collateral
     * @param borrower The account having collateral seized
     * @param seizeTokens The number of jTokens to seize
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function seize(
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint256 seizeTokens
    ) external returns (uint256) {
        liquidator;
        borrower;
        seizeTokens; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    /**
     * @notice Begins transfer of admin rights. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
     * @dev Admin function to begin change of admin. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
     * @param newPendingAdmin New pending admin.
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) external returns (uint256) {
        newPendingAdmin; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sets a new joetroller for the market
     * @dev Admin function to set a new joetroller
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setJoetroller(JoetrollerInterface newJoetroller) public returns (uint256) {
        newJoetroller; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice accrues interest and sets a new reserve factor for the protocol using _setReserveFactorFresh
     * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and set a new reserve factor
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setReserveFactor(uint256 newReserveFactorMantissa) external returns (uint256) {
        newReserveFactorMantissa; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accepts transfer of admin rights. msg.sender must be pendingAdmin
     * @dev Admin function for pending admin to accept role and update admin
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _acceptAdmin() external returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and adds reserves by transferring from admin
     * @param addAmount Amount of reserves to add
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _addReserves(uint256 addAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        addAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and adds reserves by transferring from admin
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _addReservesNative() external payable returns (uint256) {
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReserves(uint256 reduceAmount) external returns (uint256) {
        reduceAmount; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and updates the interest rate model using _setInterestRateModelFresh
     * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) public returns (uint256) {
        newInterestRateModel; // Shh
        delegateAndReturn();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Internal method to delegate execution to another contract
     * @dev It returns to the external caller whatever the implementation returns or forwards reverts
     * @param callee The contract to delegatecall
     * @param data The raw data to delegatecall
     * @return The returned bytes from the delegatecall
     */
    function delegateTo(address callee, bytes memory data) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        (bool success, bytes memory returnData) = callee.delegatecall(data);
        assembly {
            if eq(success, 0) {
                revert(add(returnData, 0x20), returndatasize)
            }
        }
        return returnData;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Delegates execution to the implementation contract
     * @dev It returns to the external caller whatever the implementation returns or forwards reverts
     * @param data The raw data to delegatecall
     * @return The returned bytes from the delegatecall
     */
    function delegateToImplementation(bytes memory data) public returns (bytes memory) {
        return delegateTo(implementation, data);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Delegates execution to an implementation contract
     * @dev It returns to the external caller whatever the implementation returns or forwards reverts
     *  There are an additional 2 prefix uints from the wrapper returndata, which we ignore since we make an extra hop.
     * @param data The raw data to delegatecall
     * @return The returned bytes from the delegatecall
     */
    function delegateToViewImplementation(bytes memory data) public view returns (bytes memory) {
        (bool success, bytes memory returnData) = address(this).staticcall(
            abi.encodeWithSignature("delegateToImplementation(bytes)", data)
        );
        assembly {
            if eq(success, 0) {
                revert(add(returnData, 0x20), returndatasize)
            }
        }
        return abi.decode(returnData, (bytes));
    }

    function delegateToViewAndReturn() private view returns (bytes memory) {
        (bool success, ) = address(this).staticcall(
            abi.encodeWithSignature("delegateToImplementation(bytes)", msg.data)
        );

        assembly {
            let free_mem_ptr := mload(0x40)
            returndatacopy(free_mem_ptr, 0, returndatasize)

            switch success
            case 0 {
                revert(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize)
            }
            default {
                return(add(free_mem_ptr, 0x40), returndatasize)
            }
        }
    }

    function delegateAndReturn() private returns (bytes memory) {
        (bool success, ) = implementation.delegatecall(msg.data);

        assembly {
            let free_mem_ptr := mload(0x40)
            returndatacopy(free_mem_ptr, 0, returndatasize)

            switch success
            case 0 {
                revert(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize)
            }
            default {
                return(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize)
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * @notice Delegates execution to an implementation contract
     * @dev It returns to the external caller whatever the implementation returns or forwards reverts
     */
    function() external payable {
        // delegate all other functions to current implementation
        delegateAndReturn();
    }
}

Contract ABI

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Constructor Arguments (ABI-Encoded and is the last bytes of the Contract Creation Code above)

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

-----Decoded View---------------
Arg [0] : underlying_ (address): 0xb31f66aa3c1e785363f0875a1b74e27b85fd66c7
Arg [1] : joetroller_ (address): 0xdc13687554205e5b89ac783db14bb5bba4a1edac
Arg [2] : interestRateModel_ (address): 0xe6ffd92b9f77fbf5bfec0f3d9c9d027c4cf3ba6e
Arg [3] : initialExchangeRateMantissa_ (uint256): 200000000000000000000000000
Arg [4] : name_ (string): Banker Joe AVAX
Arg [5] : symbol_ (string): jAVAX
Arg [6] : decimals_ (uint8): 8
Arg [7] : admin_ (address): 0x5d3e4c0fe11e0ae4c32f0ff74b4544c49538ac61
Arg [8] : implementation_ (address): 0xd915fdb10530ef2a8337b4b0bb33f1b0bc015531
Arg [9] : becomeImplementationData (bytes): 0x

-----Encoded View---------------
15 Constructor Arguments found :
Arg [0] : 000000000000000000000000b31f66aa3c1e785363f0875a1b74e27b85fd66c7
Arg [1] : 000000000000000000000000dc13687554205e5b89ac783db14bb5bba4a1edac
Arg [2] : 000000000000000000000000e6ffd92b9f77fbf5bfec0f3d9c9d027c4cf3ba6e
Arg [3] : 000000000000000000000000000000000000000000a56fa5b99019a5c8000000
Arg [4] : 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000140
Arg [5] : 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000180
Arg [6] : 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000008
Arg [7] : 0000000000000000000000005d3e4c0fe11e0ae4c32f0ff74b4544c49538ac61
Arg [8] : 000000000000000000000000d915fdb10530ef2a8337b4b0bb33f1b0bc015531
Arg [9] : 00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001c0
Arg [10] : 000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000f
Arg [11] : 42616e6b6572204a6f6520415641580000000000000000000000000000000000
Arg [12] : 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000005
Arg [13] : 6a41564158000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Arg [14] : 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000


Deployed ByteCode Sourcemap

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Swarm Source

bzzr://a4482701e127463574f4bdfaa00ddef65b5695feb6746511056496424c1c1dd0
Block Transaction Gas Used Reward
Age Block Fee Address BC Fee Address Voting Power Jailed Incoming
Block Uncle Number Difficulty Gas Used Reward
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